Sea Otter Facts

A group of sea otters

Sea otters float on the ocean waves in groups that are called rafts.

These rafts are usually gender-based, meaning boy sea otters like to hang out together and girl sea otters like to hang out together.

Female sea otters raise their pups without assistance from males.

Sometimes sea otters like to hold hands.  Holding paws allows sea otters to keep their delicate paw pads warm.

Sea otters floating in a raft.

Southern sea otter with a pup.

Sea otter pups

Sea otter pups are born with buoyant fur that does not allow them to sink. They float like corks on top of the water unable to dive and therefore, are completely dependent on the mother sea otter.

Sea otter pup fur is known as lanugo. Lanugo is a very soft, downy hair that develops in humans as well as in animals.

Sea otter pup fur is shed by the time they are approximately 13 weeks old.

Sea otter pups are born with 26 baby teeth; 10 of which are visible.

Sea otters need to eat a lot each day. The sea otter pictured above is feasting on a mussel.

Sea otter diet

Sea otters eat frequently throughout the day.

Unlike other marine mammals, sea otters have no blubber, so they must consume 25-30% of their body weight every day in order to survive in their cold Pacific Ocean habitat.

Sea otters eat mainly invertebrates and bivalve animals.  Some of their favorite meals consist of sea urchins, abalone, clams, crabs, shrimp, mussels, sea stars and fat innkeeper worms.


Help us make a difference for sea otters!

Adopt Otto the sea otter or Slidey the river otter!